P►Rx( calculates the x-value (in Cartesian coordinates) given Polar coordinates.

P►Rx(r,θ)

Press:

- 2nd ANGLE to access the angle menu.
- 7 to select P►Rx(, or use arrows and ENTER.

TI-83/84/+/SE

1 byte

P►Rx( (polar►rectangular x-coordinate) calculates the x-coordinate of a polar point. Polar coordinates are of the form (r,θ), where θ is the counterclockwise angle made with the positive x-axis, and r is the distance away from the origin (the point (0,0)). The conversion identity x=r*cos(θ) is used to calculate P►Rx(.

The value returned depends on whether the calculator is in radian or degree mode. A full rotation around a circle is 2π radians, which is equal to 360°. The conversion from radians to degrees is angle*180/π and from degrees to radians is angle*π/180. The P►Rx( command also accepts a list of points.

```
P►Rx(5,π/4)
3.535533906
5*cos(π/4)
3.535533906
P►Rx({1,2},{π/4,π/3})
{.7071067812 1}
```

# Advanced Uses

You can bypass the mode setting by using the ° (degree) and ^{r} (radian) symbols. This next command will return the same values no matter if your calculator is in degrees or radians:

```
P►Rx(1,{π/4^^r,60°})
{.7071067812 .5}
```

# Optimization

In most cases P►Rx(r,θ) can be replaced by r*cos(θ) to save a byte:

```
:P►Rx(5,π/12)
can be
:5cos(π/12)
```

Conversely, complicated expressions multiplied by a cosine factor can be simplified by using P►Rx(r,θ) instead.

```
:(A+BX)cos(π/5)
can be
:P►Rx(A+BX,π/5)
```

# Error Conditions

**ERR:DIM MISMATCH**is thrown if two list arguments have different dimensions.**ERR:DATA TYPE**is thrown if you input a complex argument.

# Related Commands

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