Returns the reciprocal of a number (1 divided by the number). For matrices, finds the matrix inverse.

*value*ֿ¹

Press [*x*ֿ¹]

TI-83/84/+/SE

1 byte

The ֿ¹ command returns the reciprocal of a number, equivalent to dividing 1 by the number (although reciprocals are sometimes more convenient to type). It also works for lists, by calculating the reciprocal of each element.

The ֿ¹ command can also be used on matrices, but it is the matrix inverse that is computed, not the reciprocal of each element. If [A] is an N by N (square) matrix, then [A]ֿ¹ is the N by N matrix such that [A][A]ֿ¹=[A]ֿ¹[A] is the identity matrix. ֿ¹ does not work on non-square matrices.

```
4ֿ¹
.25
{1,2,3}ֿ¹
{1 .5 .3333333333}
[[3,2][4,3]]ֿ¹
[[3 -2]
[-4 3 ]]
```

Much like the number 0 does not have a reciprocal, some square matrices do not have inverses (they are called singular matrices) and you'll get an error when you try to invert them.

# Optimization

Writing Aֿ¹B instead of B/A is sometimes beneficial when B is a complicated expression, because it allows you to take off closing parentheses of B. For example:

```
:(P+√(P²-4Q))/2
can be
:2ֿ¹(P+√(P²-4Q
```

This may be slower than dividing. There are also situations in which this optimization might lose precision, especially when the number being divided is large:

```
7fPart(4292/7
1
7fPart(7ֿ¹4292
.9999999999
```

# Error Conditions

**ERR:DIVIDE BY 0**is thrown when trying to take the reciprocal of 0.**ERR:SINGULAR MAT**is thrown when trying to invert a singular matrix.

# Related Commands

.