fPart(value) returns the fractional part of value. Also works on complex numbers, lists and matrices.
fPart(5.32) .32 fPart(4/5) .8 fPart(‾5.32) ‾.32 fPart(‾4/5) ‾.8
Also, fPart( is an easy way to find A mod B (the positive remainder when A is divided by B).
If A is guaranteed to be positive, the following shorter code can be used, omitting B(A<0):
Finally, the easiest way to check if a number is a whole number is not(fPart(X:
:If not(fPart(X:Then : // X is an integer :Else : // X is not an integer :End
You can use this, for example, to check if a number is divisible by another: if X is divisible by N, then X/N is a whole number. This is useful when you want to find the factors of a number. Warning: when storing values with repeating decimals and later multiplying them to see if a number makes it an integer it can return a value of 1 or -1 instead of 0 even if it is an integer. Example: if you store 1/3 as X and then do fpart(3x) it will return 1 instead of 0. This is because fpart(.999…) results in .999… and then rounds to 1 when displaying rather than rounding to 1.0 and then displaying the fpart( as 0.
Often you want to find the value of a-1 mod b — this occurs, for example, in movement routines with wraparound. However, the problem is that if a=0, a-1 will be negative. Rather than use the longer version of the modulo routine, you might replace subtracting 1 with adding (b-1). This will have the same result, but without sign problems.